Who Has The Lowest IQ In The World (Updated List 2024)

Are you interested in learning about who has the the lowest IQ scores in the world?

IQ, or intelligence quotient, is a measure of human intellectual ability and is often considered a key determinant of success. Individuals with higher IQs tend to have better educational and professional outcomes, which can lead to increased opportunities and a higher standard of living.

In this article, we will explore the countries that rank the lowest in terms of IQ, shedding light on this complex issue. We will examine the possible factors and aspects that contribute to these results, such as economic struggles, lack of education, and other societal challenges. By taking a closer look at these factors, we hope to gain a better understanding of the root causes of low IQ scores and what can be done to address them.

Let’s get started with the factors that affect IQ level.

Factors Affecting IQ Level

IQ is a measure of a person’s cognitive abilities. It is a controversial topic, but studies have shown that IQ rates vary among different countries. There are several aspects that contribute to these differences:

Factors Affecting IQ Level

1. Education System

The quality of education a country provides plays a significant role in the IQ rate of its citizens. This is because education enhances cognitive abilities and provides individuals with the necessary skills to excel in life.

2. Nutrition and Health

Good nutrition and health can positively impact cognitive abilities. Malnutrition and diseases can impair brain development, leading to lower IQ rates. 

3. Economic Status

A country’s economic status affects the quality of life of its citizens. Countries with higher GDPs per capita tend to have better living conditions, which positively impact cognitive abilities. Higher economic status also translates to better education and healthcare systems.

4. Genetics

Genetics plays a role in determining IQ rates. However, it is a controversial topic, and studies have not shown conclusive evidence linking genetics to IQ rates.

5. Cultural Factors

Culture can also influence IQ rates. Different cultures have different attitudes towards education and cognitive development. Countries that place a high value on education and intellectual pursuits used to have higher IQ rates.

List of Countries Who Has The Lowest IQ In The World

Here is a list of the top 10 countries in a nutshell with the lowest IQ, along with their literacy rates and population:

S.No.Country Average IQPopulationLiteracy Rate
3.Sierra Leone45.108.80M48.51%
5.The Gambia52.892.77M
9.Ivory Coast59.3128.90M43.29%
10.South Sudan59.4511.08M32.01%

Top 10 Countries Who Has The Lowest IQ In The World

Let’s have a look at the countries who has the lowest IQ in the world in detail.

1. Nepal – 42.99

Located at the base of the Himalayas in South Asia, Nepal is known for its breathtaking landscapes and the world’s tallest peak, Mount Everest. However, this landlocked country faces various challenges, including extreme weather conditions and limited access to essential resources. 

Nepal- who has the lowest IQ

The lack of proper nutrition from an early age hinders children’s educational opportunities, resulting in an average IQ of 42.99, significantly below the global average of 82.03.

2. Liberia – 45.07

Liberia’s low IQ levels can be attributed to several factors, including historical challenges and socio-economic conditions. One significant factor is the prolonged civil war that the country faced, which lasted from 1989 to 2003. 

The war had devastating effects on Liberia’s economy and infrastructure, leading to a breakdown in essential services such as healthcare and education. Limited access to education and healthcare services can have a negative impact on cognitive development, potentially contributing to lower IQ scores.

3. Sierra Leone – 45.10

Sierra Leone’s low IQ levels depend on several factors, including limited access to education, healthcare, and proper nutrition. The country has faced significant challenges, including a decade-long civil war that ended in 2002 and an Ebola outbreak in 2014-2016, which disrupted essential services and had a detrimental impact on the overall development of its population.

The civil war in Sierra Leone severely affected the education system, with schools being destroyed and teachers displaced. Many children were unable to receive a proper education during this period, leading to a lack of cognitive development and lower IQ scores.

4. Guatemala – 47.73

Despite its rich history and cultural heritage, Guatemala faces significant social and economic challenges. It has a low IQ level primarily due to a lack of access to healthcare and quality education, along with high poverty rates. The country faces significant developmental challenges, including poverty and inequality, which have a direct impact on the cognitive abilities of its population.

Guatemala- social and economic challenges

Many children in Guatemala do not have the opportunity to attend school or receive a proper education. This lack of education hinders cognitive development and can result in lower IQ scores.

5. The Gambia – 52.89

The Gambia is a small West African country with a population of around 2.8 million people. One factor that could influence IQ levels in The Gambia is the overall socio-economic conditions. The country faces significant challenges in terms of poverty, no quality education, and healthcare disparities. These factors can have an impact on cognitive development and, consequently, IQ scores. Poverty often restricts access to resources necessary for optimal brain development, such as nutritious food, stimulating learning environments, and healthcare services.

Another aspect that may contribute to lower IQ levels in The Gambia is the education system. However, The Gambia faces challenges related to education, including limited resources, high dropout rates, and a lack of well-trained teachers.

6. Nicaragua – 52.69

Nicaragua is a Central American country with a population of around 7 million people. Despite its natural beauty and rich cultural heritage, the country faces significant challenges in terms of economic development and social inequality. Poverty is a significant factor that influences IQ levels in Nicaragua. 

The country has a high poverty rate, and individuals living in poverty often face limited access to resources necessary for cognitive development. Limited access to education and healthcare also plays a role in low IQ levels. Nicaragua faces challenges related to education, including a lack of infrastructure, inadequate resources, and a shortage of qualified teachers.

7. Guinea – 53.48

Guinea is one of the poorest countries in the world, with a GDP per capita of just $1,210. Poverty can lead to a number of problems that can impact intelligence, such as malnutrition, poor healthcare, and lack of access to education. Malnutrition is a major problem in Guinea, with over 40% of children under the age of five being underweight.

Guinea-  poverty and malnutrition

Lack of access to education is another major problem in Guinea. The country has one of the lowest literacy rates in the world, with only 40% of adults being able to read and write. This lack of access to education can have an impact on intelligence, as it limits the opportunities for people to learn and develop their cognitive skills.

8. Ghana – 58.16

Ghana is a West African country with a population of around 34 million people. Despite ranking as one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, the country still faces significant challenges in terms of education and healthcare. Poverty is a major problem in Ghana, and it can have a serious impact on a child’s development. 

Ghana also has a high rate of maternal and child mortality, and it has a high prevalence of diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis. These diseases can all have a negative impact on a child’s cognitive development. Ghana’s education system is not as well-funded as those of many other countries, which leads to fewer teachers, fewer schools, and fewer resources available to students. As a result, many children in Ghana do not receive a quality education, which can lead to lower IQ scores.

9. Ivory Coast – 59.31

Ivory Coast, located in West Africa, is known for its rich cultural heritage and diverse wildlife. However, the country still faces significant challenges in terms of economic development and social inequality. According to the World Bank, 40% of the population of Ivory Coast lives below the national poverty line. Another reason for Ivory Coast’s low IQ is its high rate of illiteracy. According to UNESCO, 44% of adults in Ivory Coast are illiterate. Illiteracy can make it difficult for people to learn new things and to participate in society, both of which can contribute to lower IQ scores.

Ivory Coast also has a high rate of child mortality. According to UNICEF, the under-5 mortality rate in Ivory Coast is 79 deaths per 1,000 live births. Child mortality can lead to brain damage and other developmental problems, both of which can contribute to lower IQ scores.

10. South Sudan – 59.45

South Sudan is a young nation, having gained independence from Sudan in 2011. The country faces significant challenges in terms of economic development and social inequality. South Sudan struggles with poverty, war, lack of education, and malnutrition. An alarming 83% of the population lives below the national poverty line, while ongoing civil conflict since 2011 has resulted in widespread death and destruction. 

Guinea-  poverty and malnutrition

Educational opportunities are severely limited, with only 27% of adults being literate, according to UNESCO. Additionally, malnutrition affects 20% of children under the age of five, leading to developmental delays. These multifaceted challenges contribute to lower IQ scores among the population.

The Significance of IQ in National Success

Experts believe that a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise, plays a crucial role in the cognitive development and overall success of a nation. These factors contribute to higher intelligence levels, as they provide the necessary nutrients and mental stimulation for optimal brain function.

who has the Lowest IQ in the world

When it comes to countries with high average IQs, Japan, China, and Singapore stand out due to their exceptional educational standards and prestigious academic achievements. However, there are also countries that have lower IQs, which can be attributed to economic disputes, social inequalities, or inadequate educational systems.

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Conclusion– Who Has The Lowest IQ In The World

While IQ is not a definitive measure of a country’s intelligence or potential for success, it can provide valuable insights into a nation’s cognitive capabilities and overall cognitive health. The countries listed above face significant challenges in terms of economic development, social inequality, and limited access to education and healthcare facilities. 

By addressing these challenges, these nations can work towards improving their overall cognitive health and unlocking their full potential for success.

FAQs- Who Has The Lowest IQ In The World

Which Countries have the highest IQ in the world?

Hongkong, Singapore, Japan and China have the highest IQ in the world.

What is the highest IQ ever recorded?

Adragon De Mello projected an IQ of 400.

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